A safari is a Swahili word which refers to an overland journey, the purpose of which was often to hunt in traditional tribal life. In more recent times it has come to mean a trip whose purpose is to view large African wild animals -especially in the east and southern regions of the continent.
An African safari tour is an organized tourist expedition involving local or other guides whose aim is to view the ‘Big Five’ game animals of Africa (the lion, leopard, rhinoceros, elephant and Cape buffalo) that were once shot for food or sport.
Today travellers undertake safaris merely to view the animals and are more conscious of their impact on both the environment and the local people that they come into contact with. This has led to the concept of an ‘ethical safari’ where travellers seek to support local communities in various ways.