The water treatment process refers to various methods to purify water. There are two basic water treatment methods – reverse osmosis and ultraviolet (UV) water purification. Reverse osmosis treatment involves removing large dissolved molecules, like salt and chemicals, and larger molecules like organic compounds by forcing water through a membrane. For instance, large dirt particles would need to be washed away with water passing through a filter to provide clean water.
The other treatment method known as ultraviolet (UV)treatment involves producing ultra-violet light in a sealed chamber. The light damages the microorganisms and prevents them from reproducing. This treatment process is necessary for human consumption and lets humans take advantage of both drinking and bathing. The common UV treatment plants include reverse osmosis treatment plants, the activated carbon filters, and granular carbon filters.
The next water treatment technology is the ion exchange resin. It is based on the principle that soluble minerals like calcium, magnesium, iron, and potassium are attached to the ions, such as sodium and chloride. When the water passes through this resin bed, all the ions are exchanged with sodium and chloride ions